Numerical simulation of hypervelocity impacts of variously shaped projectiles with thin bumpers
The paper presents a numerical simulation of hypervelocity impacts of variously shaped projectiles with thin bumpers. A numerical model was verified using a full-scale experiment of hypervelocity impact of a sphere with thin aluminum-alloy bumper. Hypervelocity impacts of nonspherical projectiles of different spatial orientation with thin bumpers were also numerically investigated. The investigations show that a hypervelocity impact of a nonspherical projectile advancing with its sharp edge towards the bumper results in a denser debris cloud formation and, therefore, such an impact is more dangerous than any of other considered cases for the spaced protection.