Structural transformation of HCP metallic nanowireusing cleri-rosato potential
Sub-atomic Dynamic simulations have been carried out on some single-crystal hexagonal metals, HCP nanowires (Cd, Co, Mg, Ti, and Zr) upon application of uniaxial tension with a speed of 20 m/s and to investigate the nature of deformation and fracture. The deformation corresponds to the direction plane. A many-body interatomic potential for HCP nanowires within the second-moment approximation of the tight-binding model (the Cleri-Rosato potentials) was employed to carry out three dimensional MD simulations. A computer experiment is performed at a temperature 300K. The stored energy diagrams obtained at various time by the MD simulations of the tensile specimens of these metallic nanowires show a rapid increase in stress up to a maximum followed by a gradual drop to zero when the specimen fails by ductile fracture. The feature of deformation energy can be divided into three regions: quasi-elastic, plastic and failure. The nature of deformation, slipping, twinning and necking were studied. Stress decreased with increasing volume and the breaking position increases. The results showed that breaking position depended on the nanowire length. From this, it appears that Cleri-Rosato potentials make good represent for the deformation behavior of HCP metallic nanowires.