Nuclear geometry: from hydrogen to boron


Possible ways of nuclear synthesis in the range from hydrogen to boron are studied. The geometric model of these nuclei is suggested. The basis for this model is the analogy between tetrahedral fullerene C4 and helium 2He4 . It is assumed that a nucleus of helium 2He4 has the form of a tetrahedron, where: 1) All the apices are equivalent and therefore they are protons, 2) Each neutron in a nucleus decomposes into a proton and three negatively charged particles having the charge ⅓ of that of an electron, 3) Interaction of the negative particles creates a special electronic pattern, which symmetry does not coincide with that of protons one, but determines it. On the basis of the postulates, the structure of other nuclei has been designed using geometric modeling. For hydrogen, deuterium, tritium and helium 3, a point, a linear and a plane structure respectively have been obtained. Helium 4 has tetrahedral symmetry. Then there was transition from three-fold symmetry prisms (lithium 6 and 7) to five-fold symmetry (boron 10 and 11) through four-fold one (beryllium 8, 9, 10). The nuclear electron patterns are more complex; their polyhedrons resemble the electron pairs arrangement at the valence shells of molecules.