Numerical study of thin UHPC targets response against ballistic impact


The modelling of concrete and its dynamic strength analysis has been an interesting field which seeks many researchers' attention for the last few decades. The material behavior of concrete in extreme dynamic events like blast and impact calls for the understanding of its dynamic characterization as well which demand a suitable material model that can depict the behavior of concrete under high strain rate, high pressure, and large deformations. One of the most used constitutive material models for concrete is HJC (Holmquist Johnson Cook). This model covers most of the essential features of concrete pertaining to response against blast and impact loads. The objective of this paper is to provide an in-depth assessment of the HJC model implemented in ABAQUS Explicit finite element code. The assessment involves various tests such as compression, tensile and tri-axial tests on a single element followed by validation of the numerical model with the help of ballistic experimental tests available in the open literature. Finally based on the assessment, the HJC material model utility for the behavior of thin i.e., H/d ≥ 5, UHPC (Ultra High-Performance Concrete) targets against impact loading has been discussed.