Recommendations for references compilation and formating

In the INTRODUCTION section, an overview of the world's scientific publications is presented. It confirms the absence of a solution to the problem in literary sources and indicates predecessors on whose studies the work is based. The literature review should be a critical analysis of scientific publications. It must justify (motivate) the need for research, done by the author of the article. From the literature review the formulation of the study’s relevance follows. In this section, the author describes the research subject and lists its parameters in numerical and/or logical values. The aim and objectives of the research are formulated.

A representative list of literature characterizes the relevance and qualitative level of research conducted by the author. These recommendations are compiled in accordance with global trends and contribute to greater openness of scientific publications as well as improve the performance of articles and their authors in databases.

Recommendations on completeness and representativeness

  1. Volume. It is recommended to include in the list of references scientific articles, monographs, conference proceedings, electronic resources with a date of reference. The list of references should include at least 20 scientific publications available to a wide range of English-speaking readers.
    Available publications are: 
    1.1. Scientific publications indexed in Scopus or Web of Science databases. Such publications should be at least 12.
    1.2. Open access scientific publications in English in peer-reviewed scientific sources.
    1.3. Open access scientific publications and patents in a language other than English in peer-reviewed scientific sources and have English-language metadata (source name, title of the article, author's data, abstract, key words, list of references) links to the publication.
    1.4. Interstate or normative English-language documents used in many states.
    It is strongly recommended not to include textbooks, teaching aids, lecture notes and other educational literature in the article.
  2. Relevance. For a representative review of the literature it is necessary that the sources were relevant. We recommend to have in the list of literature at least 8 articles from scientific journals not older than 10 years, 6 of them not older than 3 years.
  3. Geography. According to the requirements of the journal, the literature review should confirm the lack of a solution to the stated goal in the world literature, and therefore recommend that you have in the references not only your country but also foreign publications. The recommended volume is not less than half of the total number of sources in the literature list. Foreign sources are publications published in a foreign journal (not your country). The language of publication in this case is irrelevant.
  4. Self-citation. Within the limits of self-citation it is not recommended to have more than 5 sources, the authors or co-authors of which are the authors of the article.


References should be subsequently numbered by Arabic numerals in square brackets, e.g. [1,3,5-9], following the Vancouver style.


[1] Koch CC, Ovid'ko IA, Seal S, Veprek S. Structural Nanocrystalline Materials: Fundamentals and Applications. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2007.

[2] Hull D, Bacon DJ. Introduction to Dislocations. 5nd ed. Amsterdam: Butterworth-Heinemann; 2011 Available from:
9780080966724?via%3Dihub [Accessed 19th June 2018].

[3] Romanov AE, Vladimirov VI. Disclinations in crystalline solids. In: Nabarro FRN (ed.) Dislocations in Solids. Amsterdam: North Holland; 1992;9. p.191-402.

[4] Mukherjee AK. An examination of the constitutive equation for elevated temperature plasticity. Materials Science and Engineering: A. 2002;322(1-2): 1-22.

[5] Soer WA, De Hosson JTM, Minor AM, Morris JW, Stach EA. Effects of solute Mg on grain boundary and dislocation dynamics during nanoindentation of Al–Mg thin films. Acta Materialia. 2004;52(20): 5783-5790.

[6] Matzen ME, Bischoff M. A weighted point-based formulation for isogeometric contact. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering. 2016;308: 73-95. Available from:

[7] Joseph S, Lindley TC, Dye D. Dislocation interactions and crack nucleation in a fatigued near-alpha titanium alloy. To be published in International Journal of Plasticity. Arxiv. [Preprint] 2018. Available from: [Accessed 19th June 2018].

[8] Pollak W, Blecha M, Specht G. Process for the production of molded bodies from silicon-infiltrated, reaction-bonded silicon carbide. US4572848A (Patent) 1983.

[9] Brogan C. Experts build pulsed air rig to test 3D printed parts for low carbon engines. Available from: [Accessed 19th June 2018].


NOTE. While using any materials protected by copyright (figures, tables, photos, etc.), the authors should ask the permission from the copyright owner to reproduce the quoted object. Please, attach the copy of such permission to the "Transfer of Copyright Agreement" form.